Medical cannabis is a term that is used to denote the part of the herb cannabis that is utilized as a doctor-recommended type of medicine or herbal therapy. However, medical cannabis may also relate to synthetic forms of certain cannabinoids, including THC, which are used to alleviate symptoms of many health issues (pain or tension are examples).
Cannabis is world-renowned for its powerful medicinal properties. Examples of the plant being used in order to alleviate symptoms and side effects date back to 2727 BCE. Cannabis was listed as one of the top fifty fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, and it’s utilized in order to treat a wide array of health conditions.
Types of Cannabis
There are three types of Cannabis, any of which may be used for medical treatment purposes. These types of Cannabis are Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis types which have high levels of CBD/THC offer patients more benefits, as they don’t cause anxiety or other adverse side effects and symptoms. This is believed to be related to CBD and its antagonistic effects on cannabinoid receptors.
Cannabis sativa is known for producing a potent “high”, which makes it a popular choice for medicinal purposes. However, this form of cannabis tends to active the appetite significantly, increasing the desire for food, while also upping energy levels in the human body. This may be a benefits or a drawback, depending on which health issues are at play.
The Cannabis indica plant is perceived as causing a "stoned" feeling which is more placid and serene in nature. This is probably due to its relatively high CBD to THC ratio. Those who suffer from psychological problems may benefits from therapy with Cannabis Indica, as it tends to have a soothing effect on the emotions.
Legal Issues Related to Medical Cannabis Usage
Medical cannabis is not legal in most nations. A variety of governments, including the American Federal Government, do permit treatment with one or more low-dose synthetic cannabinoids, depending on the health issue that is present. However, access to Cannabis for medical purposes is strictly regulated.
Beneficial properties of Cannabis, as it relates to medical treatment, include the soothing of nauseous feelings, the stimulation of the appetite in those who are undergoing chemotherapy (or in AIDS patients), decreased intraocular eye pressure (which is helpful to glaucoma sufferers) and soothing of stomach problems, such as digestive difficulties.
How Medical Cannabis is Administered to Patients
There are different ways to receive medical cannabis. For example, it may be administered in a vaporized form or it may be smoked. Some people drink or eat extracts of Cannabis in order to receive beneficial effects. This type of medical cannabis may also be offered in capsule form. Synthetic forms of cannabis, known as cannabinoids, may be available as prescription medications is certain nations. Examples of nations which do offer these forms of medication include America, Canada and the United Kingdom.
Medical Cannabis Usage is Legal in Certain Countries
While the usage of recreational cannabis remains illegal in many countries, some nations are demonstrating more relaxed attitudes about the drug and how it is used. Decriminalization of medical cannabis has already occurred in Canada, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Spain, Italy, Finland and Portugal. In America, government law forbids the utilization of herb plants from Cannabis.
Diseases that may Warrant Medical Cannabis Treatment
Diseases which may be treated via medical Cannabis include adrenal disease, inflammatory bowel disease, migraine headache disorders, fibromyalgia and related health issues. In addition, Cannabis may be used to soothe symptoms of MS (Multiple Sclerosis) or spinal cord problems. Because Cannabis has an anti-spasmodic effect and relaxes the muscles, it is an effective treatment for these disorders.
Under American law, only FDA-approved medications may be prescribed. However, cannabis is not one of those. There are exceptions; twelve States have approved its usage in order to alleviate a range of symptoms.
What Does Cannabis Do to the Body?
Many of the effects of Cannabis (including psychoactive, mind-altering properties) occur due to an ingredient known as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is similar to a chemical that the body and brain make naturally THC attaches to specific proteins, known as cannabinoid receptors (CBRs), to which the body’s natural chemicals (such as anandamide) normally bind.