Network management is the process of performing activities that relate to the operation and administration of networked systems. One important facet of network management is operation, whereby the network and related services are maintained, so that daily tasks and systems run efficiently.
Monitoring systems (in order to ensure that problems are identified and corrected before issues arise) is one vital element of network management operations. Another aspect of network management is keeping track of network resources and how they are assigned. This usually involves “housekeeping”, which is needed in order to keep the network functioning at peak capacity.
Understanding Network Management Maintenance
Maintenance involves repairs and upgrades. For example, equipment will periodically need replacement, routers will occasionally need patches and switches will sometimes need to be added to networks. Maintenance also encompasses prevention, in the form of corrective procedures that are meant to improve network functionality. One example of a corrective procedure that is designed to ameliorate network performance is changing device configuration parameters, in order to speed up processes or make the system more reliable and dependable.
Provisioning is yet another component of superlative network management; this happens when resources are configured within a network, in order to support a particular service. For example, setting up a network to offer new clients access to voice services may be undertaken in order to provide more comprehensive service.
The four principles of network management are explained by the acronym, FCAPS – fault, configuration, accounting, performance and safety.
Network Management Tasks
Typical network management tasks include the control, planning, allocation, deployment, coordination and monitoring of network resources. Specific jobs that will usually be performed during routine network management include network planning, frequency allocation, traffic routing, load balancing and security management.
Challenges of Network Management Monitoring
Network monitoring may be somewhat challenging, depending on the specific scope of a network system. The principle focus of effective network management monitoring is fault management. High performance of the network may also be a primary consideration. Many network equipment suppliers provide network monitoring tools via their network management systems. These tools are designed to assist network managers in uncovering problems that may affect the network’s efficiency.
Most tools that are used to inspire better network management are defined as mission-focused, which means that they are meant to support the activities of professionals who provide network, service and customer support. By using these tools, network managers may enjoy end-to-end monitoring of systems.
Diagnosis at a lower level may require more advanced tools. These days, there is a trend towards application-aware monitoring that allows for optimal performance and status analysis.
Keeping network systems running requires money, and many network managers take care to minimize the costs of network management whenever they can. The key to managing network management budgets is to find network management tools that are affordable and multipurpose.
Much of the cost of network management is based on the increasing need for speed, as well as the need to provide voice services and other perks to staff members. In fact, supporting proper network speed and voice services for each employee may cost up to 8,000.00 per staff member. Keeping focused on what is really essential, rather than wasting money on speed or functions that aren’t needed, will help to streamline network management budgets.
Good network managers will need to stay abreast of technological changes that may affect future network purchases and maintenance. Since technology keeps moving forward, it’s important to stay committed to learning and to evolving an approach to network management. However, certain key principles will always apply.
Online resources for network management include message boards, blogs, and instructional videos. Books about network management are also available. Those who wish to learn more about this type of management will be able to use the power of the World Wide Web to their advantage. Community colleges, universities and colleges may also offer courses, diploma programs and degree programs that relate to network management.