Companies or persons who seek to eradicate species which are regarded as pests use pest control techniques, such as the use of pesticides, in order to improve the cleanliness of interior or exterior environments. Since many pests are considered harmful to human health, this line of work is very important.
Insects and animals that are commonly regarded as pests include cockroaches, rats, mice and termites. Pests may be detrimental to the environment or the economy, by effecting damage which is expensive to repair. In addition, they may create aversions in human beings, whether or not they are actually harmful. Therefore, many environments (such as homes or businesses) benefit from effective and consistent pest control.
Usually, pest control will be implemented during pest infestations, with regular pest control maintenance schedules also in place, in order to ensure that problems will not crop up in the future. Many companies turn a good profit by taking care of pest control issues for private citizens or corporate (or government) interests.
Therefore, many people who find pests in their midst choose to take action quickly, in order to remove these threats from their environments as rapidly as possible. By working fast to control pests, it is possible to protect a home or commercial investment from damage.
History of Pest Control
As long as there has been farming, there has been pest control. Today, high-tech methods allow for more effective pest control. However, for centuries, men and women have worked hard to remove pests that might threaten their crops or damage their health and homes. Plants are particularly subject to damage from pests, since they are so fragile. Therefore, the primary focus of the first pest control techniques was on removing these sorts of pests from plants.
Usually, crop rotation, companion planting and the breeding of pest-resistant plants were used to control pest infestations on farmland or other affected areas. However, other old-fashioned pest control techniques, such as burning crops or plowing (to kill predators), are now less common, in large part because many consider them brutal and inhumane. These days, it is more likely that farmers will use humane methods in order to control pests on their lands.
Chemical pesticides came into being 4,500 years ago. The first examples of chemical pesticides were used by the Sumerians, who mixed up sulfurous agents that acted as the first insecticides. Sometimes, poisonous plants were also used to control pests on farmlands. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, more advances in insecticide formulas were introduced, including pyrethrum and derris.
In the advent of the twentieth century, synthetic pesticides became popular, and some of these, such as DDT, were later derided for their negative side effects. Today, chemical pesticides are still a popular choice for pest control. In the future, biological pest control tactics may become the norm.
Pest Control Methods
Pest control is all about controlling and managing nature’s most annoying predators and parasites. Examples of these creatures include mosquitoes, who tend to bite human beings (and who may carry diseases). Mosquitoes are capable of carrying malaria in certain countries where the disease is common. Pest control methods used to control mosquito populations include introducing bacteria into environments where these insects are found.
The bacterium gets into the eggs (larvae) of mosquitoes, thereby killing them before they have a chance to breed effectively. This sort of pest control method is quite safe and natural, as no chemicals are used to get results. This type of pest control is known as biological pest control, and it is considered the gold standard of pest control, as it does not threaten the health of human beings or other creatures (except the pests who are being controlled).
Another planet-friendly pest control strategy is draining off still water sources, which also cut down on pest’s ability to breed in these areas.
Other chemical-free pest control options include making certain that refuse is properly stored and handled. For example, garbage should be sealed well and then taken away to landfills promptly, especially when it contains discarded food products. Typical pests which are attracted to garbage include flies, rats, mice and raccoons.
Chemical-based pest control methods continue to be used today. From simple mouse traps that are baited with cheese that has been impregnated with poisons, to wide scale fumigation with pesticide sprays. This form of pest control is known for its effectiveness, if not its planet-friendliness. Unfortunately, chemical pesticides are known to cause detrimental side effects to non-pest animals and human beings. Therefore, sophisticated pest control which utilizes these chemicals should be performed very carefully, by professionals who know how to minimize the risk of adverse symptoms and side effects.
Traps are also used to catch pests, and these traps may be baited with food or pesticides, or both. Some people use pest control traps without chemicals. There are some who believe that these traps are inhumane. Live catch traps may be used to avoid killing pests. Pests may then be taken elsewhere and released, in order to avoid destroying the creatures.
As of today, it is the best to consider non-chemical methods, or to use the services of trained pest control specialists, who are able to use pesticides and insecticides safely and skillfully.